European regulation UNE-EN 13501-1:2019 fire reaction
European regulation UNE-EN 13501-1:2019 reaction to fire. Classification according to the fire performance of construction products and building elements
In this article we will talk about the European regulation UNE-EN 13501-1:2019, which establishes the fire reaction classes of construction materials and related products, including fire-resistant fabrics.
The UNE-EN 13501-1:2019 standard classifies fire-resistant fabrics into three categories: fire resistance, smoke production, and production of burning droplets/particles. As for fire resistance, there are 7 indicators ranging from class A1 (non-combustible) to class F (highly flammable). The best class is A1-A2, which means the fabric is non-combustible and does not contribute to fire propagation. Texfire fabrics with A1-A2 classification are:
It is important to note that the concept of fire-resistant fabric does not mean that the product will not burn under any circumstances, but rather it has the ability to not catch fire, not propagate the flame, and extinguish the fire automatically when the ignition source is removed.
Regarding smoke production, there are 3 indicators ranging from:
- s1 - low smoke production.
- s2 - medium smoke production
- s3 - high smoke production.
Finally, the classification of production of burning droplets/particles is divided into 3 indicators:
- d0 - does not produce burning droplets/particles.
- d1 - produces droplets or particles, but they are not flammable.
- d2 - produces flammable droplets or particles.
To comply with the UNE-EN 13501-1:2019 regulation, fire-resistant fabrics must be tested and certified by accredited laboratories. Manufacturers must provide evidence of compliance with UNE-EN 13501-1:2019 to ensure that their fabrics meet fire safety requirements in building construction.
In summary, the UNE-EN 13501-1:2019 regulation is essential to ensure fire safety in building construction. When choosing a fire-resistant fabric, it is important to consider its fire resistance, smoke production, and production of burning droplets/particles, and ensure that it complies with the requirements of UNE-EN 13501-1:2019 through testing and certification.
The UNE-EN 13501-1:2019 regulation applies to fabrics in situations where a fire reaction classification of materials is required, such as in building construction, interior decoration, transportation, and any other application where fire safety is an important requirement. Fire-resistant fabrics are commonly used in public and commercial places such as hotels, hospitals, theaters, cinemas, and restaurants, among others.
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